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Panorama images

There is talk of a panoramic photograph if the image acquisition takes at least an aspect ratio of 1:2. During the days of analogue photography these recordings was limited to extremely expensive specialized cameras, it makes us the modern digital camera is easier to something essential.

Basically, you can accomplish with any camera Panoraaufnahmen. Once - apart from the nodal point - you need no additional special equipment. In this device, I'll be back to this later. A tripod is available in most cases, so no additional purchase is necessary.

What equipment do I need?

Quite ahead, the question arises: Can one make the pictures even without a tripod? You can - but you can also give up - and the last mentioned case is clearly the better, for a professional approach, this "artist working without a tripod" in no case I dar. know there are countless gifted talents, their panoramic shots without produce stand, as these artistes but the exact nodal point conditions to avoid parallax me is a continuing mystery. In this respect I would also like to go no further on this point and withdraw rather this: For an accurate and precise work is needed very much a tripod. A bubble level can of course make it easier to set up a lot. If such a body be present on your tripod, so I recommend that necessarily such a device at the nodal point-provided adapter.

Remote control
Here I would make concessions, you need it or not! One need not necessarily the trigger, but he would have an advantage. When the camera is set once, so it is - except the pan - as much as possible good, they no longer touch the moment the shutter is depressed.

The nodal point
We come here to be the main instrument or device. To understand the nodal point, however, one must first deal but a little with the nodal point itself and its meaning. With the exact nodal point has meant that stands in complete flight of the pivot point of the column with the crossing point in the beam path of the lens, so to speak, is an axis. This nodal point is different from objective lens. Also, the position of the tripod socket of the camera into our calculations and taken into account. A vivid illustration this may enrich the understanding a little. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal_point_%28optics%29 The nodal point is the way both in portrait mode as well as widescreen now!

One can certainly build its nodal point itself. But you should from the beginning work towards a viable solution "is to be called, which are many adapter illustrated in the Internet often quite adventurous and do more or less just a DIY solution dar. A, from a piece of bent metal bracket, is always is a better solution than a formation of many parts and defective screws.

Panorama head
I would like to briefly touch the panoramic head. Here I would like to say the only one exception: if not absolutely necessary but it simplifies the work considerably. If you find inspiration on the panoramic photography or your budget allows for such an issue, I would recommend a purchase essential. I myself would not work without a panoramic head.

Here it is several things to consider, namely: vignetting, exposure, white balance, auto focus, etc.

Let's start again with the vignetting. This effect is strong in the corners. A far-reaching remedy can be achieved by stopping down stronger, so smaller aperture. You will have noticed how you now use the tripod comes into play, because a small aperture also entails a longer exposure time for yourself! Of course there are also software that can create a workaround (eg PTLens, PhotoPerfect). For this I have no experience. I prefer the way of working, small aperture and tripod. If you work with a screen 11 to 16, you are always well advised.

The exposure can, of course, a camera pan to be uneven, but occur simply too many differences in brightness, so it is important to find a compromise. We achieve this by watching once the exposure values during the camera pan and it will form a mean value. This value is then using the "Manual" Adjust the camera firmly.

This attitude, we should definitely be better off and manually focus so by hand. Very probably our once chosen setting for the other individual images is still correct, so nothing needs to be tracked. In an autofocus one knows, however, never quite sure how well it works. At the same time one should also turn off the white balance the camera. Usually the camera measures just always be the brightest point in the recording and does not necessarily have a pure white, he can be in every single shot differently. The automatic correction then only back and forth, always seen on the brightest point. Disabling Automatic White Balance is therefore absolutely important.

Finally, some words about the software that is essential for creating a panoramic photos with a digital camera because we put so forth, only the frames. The exact assembly (English stitch) is done exclusively by software. There are countless Stitchprogramme for this operation. For the most part is already a Stitchprogramm when buying a digital camera already attached. I work personally with the program PTGui, a program that is really used to, but excellent results achieved brings.

My description for panoramic photography is certainly not complete, I raise no claim for completeness, but it serves only for a brief overview on the process of creating a panorama.